Recombinant osteoprotegerin (OPG) has been proven to be useful for treating various bone disorders such as osteoporosis. To improve its in vivo pharmacological effect, OPG was conjugated to novel comb-shaped co-polymers of polyethylene glycol (PEG) allylmethylether and maleamic acid (poly(PEG), 5 kDa). Biodistribution and bioactivity were evaluated.Methods
OPG was conjugated via lysine to poly(PEG) and to linear PEG (0.5 kDa and 5 kDa). Poly(PEG)-OPG was compared with linear PEG0.5k-OPG and PEG5k-OPG in terms of in vitro and in vivo efficacy and bone distribution.Results
The in vitro receptor binding study showed that poly(PEG)-OPG could be the most bioactive among the three PEG-OPG derivatives. Pharmacokinetic studies in ovariectomized (OVX) rats showed that serum half-life and AUC of poly(PEG)-OPG were comparable with those of linear PEG-OPG derivatives. For in vivo pharmacological effect, poly(PEG)-OPG showed the strongest inhibitory effect on bone resorption activity in OVX rats. Poly(PEG)-OPG demonstrated enhanced bone marrow distribution with higher selectivity than linear PEG5k-OPG.Conclusion
Poly(PEG) modification could provide longer residence time in serum and higher bone-marrow specific delivery of OPG, leading to a higher in vivo pharmacological effect.
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