Nonclinical safety studies are required to follow applicable Good Laboratory Practice (GLP) regulations. Nonclinical dose formulations are required to be analyzed to confirm the analyte concentration, homogeneity, and stability. Analytical samples that fall outside of the acceptance criteria are considered out of specification (OOS), and an investigation should be conducted. The US FDA has issued a guidance document for GMP studies on conducting OOS investigations. However, no regulatory guidance has been issued regarding nonclinical safety study (GLP) OOS investigations, which often vary in regard to content, assessment, and impact statements. There is opportunity to improve the quality of OOS investigations by defining expectations and providing guidance in several areas including root cause assessment, impact statements, and acceptable paths forward. This paper will provide recommendations of best practices for nonclinical dose formulation OOS investigations.
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