Fixed-dose combination (FDC) products are becoming a popular treatment option because of increased patient compliance and convenience, improved clinical effectiveness, and reduced cost to the patient, among several other reasons. A commonly applied approach for approval of a FDC product is demonstrating bioequivalence between the FDC and co-administration of individual mono-products, provided that there is adequate safety and efficacy data for co-administration of the individual agents. However, achieving bioequivalence between the FDC and individual mono-products can be very challenging, and sometimes not possible since combining multiple active ingredients, especially insoluble molecules, in a single drug product could complicate its biopharmaceutical and pharmacokinetic behavior. In this review, some of the major challenges often encountered while assessing bioequivalence during FDC development will be presented along with discussion of future opportunities to facilitate FDC development and approval.
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