Nanosuspensions, formulations based on the reduction of the active pharmaceutical ingredient (API) particle size in the sub-micron range and most typically around 100–200 nm, represent a valuable option for formulators to facilitate oral absorption of Biopharmaceutics Classification System class II and IV compounds. Their ability to increase the API dissolution rate and subsequent absorption and thus oral bioavailability has been demonstrated in preclinical and clinical settings. This review summarizes the current experience in the biopharmaceutic field with the use of nanosuspensions as oral delivery formulations. The principles behind nanosuspensions as well as the in vitro and in silico evaluation are discussed, while examples are presented highlighting both successes as well as limitations in their application as either toxicology or clinical formulations.
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